Isaiah 61:1; Matthew 16:18-19; Isaiah 10:7 

Introduction: There is a question about what exactly it means when we find the term or thought that the ‘anointing breaks the yoke of bondage.’

Questions: So what is the ‘anointing’ and what are ‘yokes.’ I will probably spend two weeks here.

Transition: First, lets start with the word, significance and reality of the word ‘anointing.’

In ancient thought, various kinds of anointing oil (elaion) can penetrate deep into the body and impart strength, health, beauty and even joy.
The idea of anointing thus gained at an early period a symbolic and religious meaning, over and above its normal use in cosmetics and medicine.

Funny: In the Hispanic culture, there really was an anointing balm that seemed (according to our parents) to cure just about everything….Vics Vapor Rub.

Anointing in the literal, non-figurative sense is expressed in the NT by aleipho, while chrio and chrisma are used exclusively in a religious and symbolic sense.

So let’s take a look at what the act of ‘anointing’ was used, how it is explained and demonstrated.

  1. Aleipho = anoint.
  2. In Classical Greek, aleipho denotes the process by which soft fat or oil, is smeared upon or poured over a person or object.
  3. In the ancient East, anointing gained a special significance in very early times. Anointing bowls and vessels are among the prehistoric finds in Egypt. Early on, the cleansing and strength giving properties of ointments and oils were applied not only for purposes of purification, bodily hygiene and beautification, but also to the treatment of wounds and curing of diseases.

The actual healing properties cannot be disentangled from the magical conceptions associated with the anointing.

Every ailment was associated with the power of gods or demons.

  • Anointing acquired a further significance, which may be traced to these magical ideas, when practiced at the institution of of an official or a vassal king in Egypt, or a priest in Babylon. Here the action indicates obligation and honor, and also protection for the one who is anointed.
  • Holy trees, idols and even weapons were anointed. By this means they could be invested with special powers. Further uses of anointing are: to set a purchaser and a seller free of obligations; to free a female slave; and to release a bride from her parental home at her wedding.
  • Guests were anointed (often their feet) and also used when burying the dead.


OT Example: Psalm 133:1-2 <A Song of Ascents. Of David.> ‘Behold, how good and how pleasant it is For brethren to dwell together in unity! 2 It is like the precious oil upon the head, Running down on the beard, The beard of Aaron, Running down on the edge of his garments.’ (NKJ)

Transition: In the NT, aleipho occurs only 8 times.

Along with the OT usage for anointing (care of body, mark of honor for guests, to honor the dead, it became synonymous with healing the sick. Ointments used are olive oil, or the more expensive myrrh, and balsam.

Anointing of Jesus


Anointing of Jesus

Matthew 26:6–13; Mark 14:3–9; Luke 7:36–50; John 12:1–8

The anointing of Jesus’s head or feet are events recorded in the four gospels. The account in Matthew 26Mark 14, and John 12 has as its location the city of Bethany in the south and involves Mary the sister of Martha and Lazarus. The event in Luke features an unknown sinful woman, and is in the northern region, as Luke 7 indicates Jesus was ministering in the northern regions of Nain and Capernaum. The honorific anointing with perfume is an action frequently mentioned in other literature from the time; however, using long hair to dry Jesus’s feet, as in John and Luke, is not recorded elsewhere, and should be regarded as an exceptional gesture.[1] Considerable debate has discussed the identity of the woman, the location, timing, and the message.

  1. ChrioNT = touch the surface lightly, anoint, paint, smear.


IMPORTANT
: The theological significance in the NT cannot, however, be reduced to a single pattern.

Luke 4:16-21 – Read

Jesus quoting from Isaiah 49:8,9; Dan. 9:24, said he was anointed to:

Anointed = chrio {khree’-o}

Meaning:  1) to anoint 1a) consecrating Jesus to the Messianic office, and furnishing him with the necessary powers for its administration 1b) enduing Christians with the gifts of the Holy Spirit.

  1. Preach to the Poor

Apodexis – 1 Corinthians 2:4 – Demonstration = a making manifest, showing forth 2) a demonstration, proof

  1. Heal the brokenhearted – (Cure and make whole); broken = to break in pieces, shiver 2) to tread down 2a) to put Satan under foot and (as a conqueror) trample on him 2b) to break down, crush 2b1) to tear one’s body and shatter one’s strength
  2. To proclaim liberty (dismissal & release) to captive (emotional & Spiritual)

 

  1. Recovery of sight to blind (physical)

 

  1. Set at liberty those who are oppresses (mental?)

 

  1. To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.

Question: Does Godhead (Father, Son & Holy Spirit) still anoint individuals today?

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Spiritually, anointing was related to the idea of strength or blessing. This anointing signified a person as a chosen one among other people.

In addition to Old Testament leaders and Jesus being anointed, the apostle Paul spoke of an anointing of all Christians: “And it is God who establishes us with you in Christ, and has anointed us, and who has also put his seal on us and given us his Spirit in our h

First John 2:20 also affirms this understanding of all Christians being anointed by God: “But you have been anointed by the Holy One, and you all have knowledge.

Today, some people speak of certain Christians as being “anointed.” When they do so, they are generally using the Old Testament understanding of someone being set apart or standing out as a person specially blessed by God. While God does seem to bless some people with ministry gifts in more visible ways than others,

Those gifted in leadership serve according to their gifts, just as others who may serve with perhaps less visible gifts such as mercy or encouragement serve according to their gifts (Romans 12:3-8). As Romans 12:4-5 teaches, “For as in one body we have many members, and the members do not all have the same function, so we, though many, are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another.”

https://www.compellingtruth.org/anointed.html

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Priesthood of the Believers

There is an important biblical idea that has great implications for our personal spirituality and public life in the church and in the world: the idea that every believer is a priest, regardless of his or her full-time occupation.

This notion is known as the “priesthood of all believers.” Martin Luther wrote in The Epistles of St. Peter and St. Jude: Preached and Explained that “this word priest should become as common as the word Christian” because all Christians are priests.

When Luther referred to the priesthood of all believers, he was maintaining that the plowboy and the milkmaid could do priestly work. In fact, their plowing and milking was priestly work. There was no hierarchy where the priesthood was a “vocation” and milking the cow was not. Both were tasks that God called his followers to do, each according to their gifts.

This has enormous implications for how Christians live their daily lives. Here are four ways to unpack the priesthood of believers in your own life.

https://tifwe.org/unpacking-the-priesthood-of-all-believers/

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Question/Conclusion: So, what is the Anointing?

Presence of God in your/our lives, given/shared with us by God activated and actuated that is manifest in others through a change of the very nature, character, behavior, and healing of individuals not present before.